The world production and utilization of biopesticides are increasing at a rapid pace. The interest in organic farming and pesticide residuefree agricultural produce would certainly warrant increased adoption of biopesticides by the farmers. Training on production and quality control to manufacturers, and organizational training to extension workers and farmers to popularize biopesticides may be essential for better adoption of this technology. As environmental safety is a global concern, we need to create awareness among the farmers, manufacturers, government agencies, policy makers and the common men to switch-over to biopesticides for pest management requirements. It is also believed that biological pesticides may be less vulnerable to genetic variations in plant populations that cause problems related to pesticide resistance. If deployed appropriately, biopesticides have potential to bring sustainability to global agriculture for food and feed security.
Biopesticide is gaining interest because of its advantages associated with the environmental safety, target-specificity, efficacy, biodegradability and suitability in the integrated pest management (IPM) programs. Thus, biopesticide is one of the promising alternatives to manage environmental pollutions. Though potential application of biopesticides in environmental safety is well known, it has gained interest in view of the growing demands for organic food. Although use of agrochemicals is indispensable to meet the ever growing demands of food, feed and fodder, opportunities do exist in selected crops and niche areas where biopesticides can be used as a component of IPM. Through wider application of biopesticides in agriculture and health programs, environmental safety can be beneficially affected.
Shrimp aquaculture industry is facing diseases problems, viral and bacterial pathogens that take advantage of the weak immunity of shrimp and an altered gut microbial community. Furthermore, probiotic practices in aquaculture started to be of importance for increased disease resistant, aquatic organisms growth, and feed efficiency. Later they are used to improve the water quality of bacterial infections. Today, there is an evidence that probiotics can improve the digestibility of nutrients, increase tolerance to stress, and encourage reproduction. They are substances containing live microorganisms secreted by microorganisms that stimulate the growth of other organisms. Our many commercial probiotic products made by bacterial species such as Lactobacillus sp., Bacillus sp., Carnobacterium sp., Enterococcus sp., and also from yeast, i.e., Saccharomyces cerevisiae are available.